ISSN  2587-2362  |  E-ISSN  2618-642X

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Understanding and managing biotin interference in immunoassays [Int J Med Biochem ]
Int J Med Biochem . 2020; 3(1): 40-43

Understanding and managing biotin interference in immunoassays

Banu İşbilen Başok
Department of Medical Biochemistry, University of Health Sciences Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey

Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin that is an essential coenzyme in the transfer of carboxyl groups by several carboxylases involved in the synthesis of fatty acids, gluconeogenesis, amino acid metabolism, and the citric acid cycle. In the last decade or so, several reports have highlighted biotin interference causing clinically incompatible immunoassay test results. The underlying reason for this relatively new issue of biotin interference is thought to be related to the widespread use of high-dose biotin, which has led to the potential for biotin interference in routine immunoassays that use a biotin-streptavidin interaction. In November 2017 and November 2019, the US Food and Drug Administration warned the public, healthcare providers, laboratory personnel, and kit manufacturers about biotin interference and its importance. Awareness of biotin interference among laboratory staff and clinicians can prevent misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment. The vulnerability of an immunoassay test to biotin interference is not constant; the test results may be incorrectly high or low, depending on the assay technology. Biotin can be a challenging source of interference and analytic error in terms of detection and prevention. Laboratory staff should be informed about this potential interference in immunoassays using biotin-streptavidin linkage. To reduce the likelihood of erroneous results, particular attention must be given to the test results of certain patients (e.g., patients with multiple sclerosis) or those that are not compatible with the clinical findings. To mitigate this patient safety risk, laboratories using methods vulnerable to biotin interference should develop appropriate solutions to detect and overcome biotin interference.

Keywords: Biotin, immunoassay, interference, patient safety, streptavidin

Banu İşbilen Başok. Understanding and managing biotin interference in immunoassays. Int J Med Biochem . 2020; 3(1): 40-43

Corresponding Author: Banu İşbilen Başok, Türkiye
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